Any living being is affected by radon when he/she breath in it. High amount of radon may be found in the workplace, a school, or community building. We spend the most time in home, so that’s where radon exposure is much expected. Radon can come up through the ground and into your home through cracks and holes in the foundation. Once it’s through the cracks, it can get ensnared inside, where it builds up. It is expected that building materials are also source of releasing radon into a building. Radon exposure can happen in any type of home, whether it is a crawl space or has a basement or is built on slab. But it’s more likely to hoard in places that are tightly sealed and very well insulated. About one in every twenty homes is doubted to have high levels of this hazardous material. The highest concentration of radon tends to be found in the basement or on the first floor.
Radon effects can be dangerous and breath taking. As the exposure of radon increases, it can cause the lung cancer. Annually 4% to 15% lung cancer deaths are because of radon. As it cannot be seen with human natural senses, it is much difficult to confirm its presence. Over time, these radioactive particles increase the risk of lung cancer. It can take years before health problems appear. Radon is the second chief cause of lung cancer after cigarette smoking. The United State Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Surgeon General’s office evaluate that radon is accountable for more than 20,000 lung cancer deaths each year in the United States. The lives of people who smoke and are exposed to radon is at risk because the tendency to grow lung cancer in such cases in at alarming point. United State Environmental Protection Agency endorses taking action to lessen radon in homes that have a radon level at or above 4 picocuries per liter of air (picocurie is unit to measure amount of radioactivity). The chances of getting lung cancer are higher if your home has higher radon levels and burn fuels or smoke that upsurge the indoor particles. Chances of getting lung cancer from radon depend mostly on:
- How much radon is at your place?
- Either person is smoker or not?
- The total time someone spend at space enrich with radon.
- Whether coal is burnt down which adds particles to indoor air.
The only way to get rid from radon is to conduct the test with the help of kits. There are two ways to detect the presence of radon, one is short-term test and other is long-term test. Short-term test can be conducted within a week and tool needed to detect radon is Alpha track detector. Charcoal is used in this process. It absorbs the amount of radon and after testing period this specimen is send to the lab for analysis. Long-term test can long for up to 90 days. Electret ion chamber is used.